Split – the city of culture

Posted By Anita / January 8, 2016 / attractions, culture, Posts / 0 Comments

The city of culture Split takes us through streets in which history lives in the present, through museums, galleries and spaces in which you can feel as a part of the rich history which has taken place on the very streets you walk on.

The Diokelncian palace is one of the most preserved monuments of ancient Roman architecture in the world. The Emperor’s palace was built as a conjuction of a luxury villa – summer house and a Roman military camp (castum), divided into four parts by two main streets. The South part of the Palace, according to the scheme, was reserved for the empereor, his apartement and the adequate state and military ceremonial, while the North part was for the emperor’s guard – military, servents, storage rooms, etc. The Palace is rectangular in shape (215 x 180 metres) with four high towers on each corner, entrance doors on each of the four sides and four smaller towers on the walls. The lower part of the city walls is without openings whilst the upper floor is an open space with a monumental porch on the south and corridors with big arched windows on the remaining three sides. During the centuries, the residents of the Palace and after them the citizens of Split have adapted the rooms to fit their needs resulting in changes on the inner walls and the outer tower walls but the outline and configuration of the old Palace are still visible.

The next important date pertaining to the development of museum activities is the foundation of the Archbishop museum in Split in 1750 which has conserved a large collection of Latin scripts mainly from ancient Salona.

The museum building was built in 1821 alongside the east walls of Dioklencian’s Palace.
The Archaeological museum in Split, the oldest museum establishment in Croatia, was founded in 1820 by the decree of the Dalmatian government in Zadar. The incentive for its foundation was the arrival of emperor Francis I in Dalmatia in 1818 when he visited Split and the Salona monuments. The first museum building was erected in 1821 next to the east walls of Dioklencian’s Palace, but soon became too crowded for the increasing number of monuments.

The beginnings of museum activities and gathering of monumental heritage in Split are connected with the Papalić Palace where the City of Split museum is located today.


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